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 MLME » LAND OWNERSHIP IN LIBERIA
PUBLIC LAND
 
These refer to lands previously or currently held by the indigenous Liberians under traditional land tenure without ownership title. The chief administrator for lands in this category is the President who has the power to issue deeds for conveyance to individuals.
 
Procedure for acquiring Public Lands;
  • Obtain a certificate of acceptance to grant land from the tribal chiefs or city mayor, in the case of city land, attested by the Land Commissioner of the area;
  • The quantity of land applied for must be paid for and a flag receipt obtained from the Ministry of Finance;
  • The certificate and receipt are sent to the President of Liberia by the Land Commissioner, through the Office of the Superintendent of District Commissioner, requesting executive order to have the land surveyed;
  • The executive order is granted in favor of the applicant and a survey is conducted by a Licensed Surveyor , who prepares a public land deed in the name of the applicant;
  • The prepared deed, with copies of the executive order and receipt, is sent by the Land Commissioner to the Ministry of Lands, Mines and Energy for spot check and attestation by the Director of Surveys;
  • The Ministry of Lands, Mines and Energy attaches a letter of clearance to the deed/documents and sends same to the President for signature. It is the prerogative of the President to sign whenever He/ She wants, following an exhibition of the deed in print media to determine whether there is any query;
  • The deed is exposed to public viewing at the door post of the Probate Court to clear all objections and later the deed is probated and sent for registration.
PRIVATE LANDS

These refer to lands for which individuals or groups have acquired ownership titles, either by a deed under the Anglo-American system of land tenure or a land certificate under the land registration act of 1973. Owners of such lands reserve the right to dispose of any portion or the whole land and issue title(s) to individuals or groups. Deeds arising from such transactions are referred to as Warranty Deeds.

PROCEDURES FOR ACQUIRING PRIVATE LANDS;

  • A person possessing private land expresses intention to sell. A buyer expresses intention to buy. The cost is agreed between both parties;
  • The help of a lawyer or surveyor is sought to examine the title deed;
  • A title search to establish title chain is carried out to determine security of title. The Lawyer or Surveyor conducts search (verification) of deed from either Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA) Archives or Center for National Document Records & Agency (CNDRA) depending on the date of last conveyance (date of deed).
Note: Check at MOFA for deeds between 1800 and 1989 and CNDRA for deeds between 1989 and present.

  • In most cases, the Land is spot checked and records of the Ministry of Lands, Mines and Energy are consulted to make sure the land does exist and has not been sold to another person;
  • If the deed is declared fit by the Lawyer or Surveyor , the buyer pays for the land and a deed is prepared from the seller (Grantor) to the buyer (Grantee);
  • The prepared deed is signed by the seller and sent to the probate court for probation and later for registration at the National Archives.



 
 
THE MINISTER


Hon. Patrick Sendolo
 
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